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Feeling addicted to food? Your parents’ drinking habits may affect your risk

Summary: A new study reports that having a parent with alcoholism increases a person’s risk of becoming addicted to processed foods.

source: University of Michigan

A new study from the University of Michigan found that people with a parent with a history of alcohol problems are more likely to show signs of addiction to highly processed foods.

These foods, such as ice cream, chocolate, pizza, and French fries, contain abnormally high amounts of refined carbohydrates and fats that may trigger an addictive response in some people.

The UM researchers wanted to see if a major risk factor for addiction — a parent with alcohol problems — predicted an increased risk of addiction to highly processed foods.

As many as 1 in 5 people appear to exhibit this clinically significant addiction to highly processed foods, which is characterized by loss of control over intake, intense cravings and an inability to cut back despite negative consequences.

“People with a family history of addiction may be at greater risk of developing a problematic relationship with highly processed foods, which presents a real challenge in a food environment where these foods are cheap, accessible and heavily marketed,” said Lindsey Hoover, a psychologist at UM. “. Graduate student and lead author of the study.

This shows a woman eating french fries
The UM researchers wanted to see if a major risk factor for addiction — a parent with alcohol problems — predicted an increased risk of addiction to highly processed foods. The image is in the public domain

The research showed that addictive reactions did not end with food, because people with food addiction were more likely to have personal problems with alcohol, cannabis, tobacco and vaping.

Diets dominated by highly processed food and excessive intake of addictive substances are the leading causes of preventable death in the modern world. This study suggests that interventions are needed to simultaneously reduce addictive eating and drug use.

“Public health approaches that reduce the harm of other addictive substances, such as restricting marketing to children, may be important to significantly reduce the negative impact of processed foods,” Hoover said.

About this research on addiction news

author: press office
source: University of Michigan
Contact: Press Office – University of Michigan
picture: The image is in the public domain

original search: Access closed.
Concurrent recurrence of food addiction, obesity, substance abuse, and parental history of problematic alcohol abuseWritten by Lindzey V. Hoover et al. Psychology of addictive behaviors

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Summary

Concurrent recurrence of food addiction, obesity, substance abuse, and parental history of problematic alcohol abuse

Goal: The current study investigates co-occurrence rates between food addiction (FA), problematic substance use (alcohol, cannabis, cigarettes, nicotine vaping), parental history of problematic alcohol use, and obesity as an important step to understanding whether an addiction-like eating phenotype exists. .

method: A community sample of 357 US adults (49.7% male, 77.6% white, Mage 40.7) Complete the Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (YFAS2.0), Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, Cannabis Use Disorders Identification Test, Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence, Electronic Cigarette Dependence Scale, Family Tree Questionnaire, and Demographic/Self-Report BMI questions By Amazon Mechanical Turk. Risk ratios (RRs; unadjusted and adjusted for sociodemographic variables) were calculated using adjusted Poisson regression.

consequences: The risk of developing alcoholism was higher in participants with problematic alcohol use (RR = 2.13, 99% CI). [1.32, 3.45]), smoking (RR = 1.86, 99% CI [0.82, 3.36]), cannabis use (unmodified; RR = 2.22, 99% CI [1.17, 4.18]), vaping (RR = 2.71, 99% CI [1.75, 4.21]), and a parent’s history of problematic alcohol abuse (RR = 2.35, 99% CI [1.46, 3.79]). The risk of obesity in obese participants was only higher in the adjusted models (RR = 1.87, 99% CI). [1.06, 3.27]). Obesity was not significantly associated with problematic drug use and the parents’ history of problematic alcohol use.

Conclusions: FA, but not obesity, occurred concurrently with problematic drug use and a parental history of problematic alcohol abuse. The results support the conceptualization of FA as an addictive disorder. Including FA as an addictive disorder in diagnostic frameworks is an important area for future consideration.

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