Book review: “The Brain Finds Itself” by Benjamin Ehrlich

The Thoughts Looking for Itself: Santiago Ramón y Cajal and the Story of the Neuron, by Benjamin Ehrlich

“The Satan’s Youngster,” his household referred to as him.

There are streets named after him all through Spain. He is spent a long time staring into the nozzle of a microscope, analyzing the tangled tissues of our nervous system. He was a genius peasant born in a poor city within the highlands of Aragon. His father – himself a demon – had excessive hopes for him: when the boy was solely 5 years outdated, his father dragged him right into a small cave in the course of a barren area, sat him on a rock and tried to show him arithmetic, geography and physics. However the boy was cussed—”a wayward and unloved creature,” as he put it—completely tired of studying, bewildered by nature and haunted by his creativeness.

Rising up, he was blessed with evil: the mayor, the priest, and a procession of neighbors demanded satisfaction for his misdeeds. The kid was, as one in every of his lecturers recollects, “inattentive, lazy, disobedient and aggravated, a nightmare for his mother and father, lecturers, and caretakers.”

One other trainer predicted that he would find yourself in jail, “in the event that they hadn’t hanged him first.”

He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1906.

To tame him, his father – a surgeon’s barber – whipped him till he bled, beat him with a baton or tightened his flesh with sizzling tongs. “What an incredible alarm for the soul, and a stimulant of vitality, is ache!” The boy concludes later. “Ache is a needed motivator for creativity.” However in his youth he tried to flee from his residence. He hid till his father discovered him, tied him up and walked him throughout city to his disgrace.

Round this time, the boy developed an uncontrollable urge to color – completely and madly – on each obtainable floor, not simply on textbooks or scraps of paper, however even on partitions and doorways. When he did, the world receded and disappeared. He would grow to be so intrigued that after, a number of years later, when he was invited to Cambridge College for an honorary diploma, he stood in the course of a busy road, painted a facade, and didn’t transfer, to the consternation of passersby. -by. In some unspecified time in the future, the police had been referred to as.

He dreamed of changing into the following Titian or Velazquez, however his father needed him to grow to be a physician. After his father threw his drawings into the hearth, the boy started to cover them within the fields. He improvised artwork provides, made uncooked brushes with wadding paper, and milked pigments from cigarette casings. It was this inventive fervor that slowly and painfully led him to medication, after which to microscopy and histology. Starting with the corpses his father had dissected earlier than him (which the son had painted in marvelous and satisfying element), he delved first into the inside of the physique, then the world of cells, pointing his approach towards the organ to which it belonged. The title is endlessly related: the mind. As a result of that demonic baby was Santiago Ramón y Cajal, about whom Benjamin Ehrlich wrote a meticulous and correct biography, “The Mind Searches For Itself.”

A Spanish nationwide treasure, Cajal is among the most vital scientists of all time and is taken into account the daddy of recent neuroscience having demonstrated that the mind was not made up of a very steady labyrinth of fibers – as was believed throughout the nineteenth century – however relatively. By particular person cells we now name neurons, these “mysterious butterflies of the soul,” as he places it, “the strokes of their wings might sooner or later disclose to us the secrets and techniques of the thoughts.”

His life was an obsession and exaggeration. The actual achievements of Spanish students replicate the claims he exaggerates about himself: he wrote that when he performed the flute, different kids adopted him as if he had been an oboe; Later, when information of his Nobel Prize broke, followers swept over him, a few of whom adopted him residence and stood beneath his window chanting his title. In response to his brother, he was motivated by a “blind need to beat, to be first in all the things with out making up for something as a way to obtain.” Ehrlich writes that Kajal “claimed to have as soon as spent 20 consecutive hours on his microscope, touring one millionth of a meter at a time”. He was a really passionate man (“I’ve a thoughts enslaved to my coronary heart”) who carved his title into historical past by sheer drive of will, however he was additionally stricken by despair and illness, and he suffered due to his indomitable need to see the brand new Every part else in his life got here second .

Ehrlich might share a minimum of among the morbid nature of his topic. Nearly all the things he is posted to this point is about Cajal: An entire translation into English of the Spanish dream journal And plenty of articles. After a decade of dedication to this man, Ehrlich possesses deep compassion and nice perception into the way in which his thoughts works. That is evident in “The Mind In Search of Itself,” a deeply thought-out, well-written and lovingly crafted autobiography. However the ebook’s energy lies not a lot within the writing as within the lifetime of its hero, filled with picaresque adventures. As a boy, he realized the best way to make gunpowder, made a makeshift cannon and fired it at his neighbor’s home; He labored as a navy physician in Cuba, the place he contracted malaria, and through a guerrilla assault, he turned delirious and shot Remington from the infirmary window; He was a cobbler’s apprentice, bodybuilder (he “walked the streets,” writes Ehrlich, “carrying an iron bar as a substitute of a strolling stick, which he pulled alongside the sidewalk”), hypnotist, chess participant, photographer, hypocrite, author, juvenile Delinquent, insomniac and a real magician with a microscope. Each time Kajal’s voice takes the lead, the ebook comes alive and reads like a novel.

Nevertheless it suffers from style limitations: it, like many biographies, is stuffed with data that many informal or literary readers won’t respect. I stumbled upon overly detailed political anecdotes, descriptions of on a regular basis life in nineteenth-century Spain, and the grueling show of textile strategies. Ehrlich does his finest to offer a whole and correct image of a beautiful world, and whereas he provides thought-provoking metaphors, unforgettable scenes, and plenty of fantastically worded phrases, to seek out these pearls one should additionally endure the trials of academia and a rigorous biography, which seemingly dictate that we should always To observe an individual from delivery to dying.

However the entire life is stuffed with boredom, strange occasions and minute particulars that creativeness can erase, to succeed in a deeper layer of reality. Ehrlich realizes this, and actively applies “literary and narrative therapies” to unravel the mysteries that details can obscure. Nevertheless, one in every of his ebook’s nice strengths (the gathering, he writes, “each hint of him, each a part of his life and piece of his work, each little bit of details about his information, his nation and his world”) might not resonate with a large viewers, although it It would undoubtedly delight readers who take pleasure in one of these writing, and who’re drawn to devoted and correct works of historical past.

Benjamin Lapatut is the writer of When We Cease Understanding the World, one in every of Ebook Evaluate’s Prime 10 Books of 2021.

The thoughts looking for itself Santiago Ramon y Cajal and the Neuron Story, Benjamin Ehrlich | Farrar, Strauss and Jirou | 464 p. | illustrated | $35